St Albans Backgammon

probably the most fun you'll ever have with your clothes on!

Chouette Rules


1. Basics

1.       Play and conduct are generally in accordance with UKBGF rules; but these rules taking precedence in case of conflict.  Each player in a chouette (but not kibbitzers) has a responsibility for ensuring only legal moves are played; this responsibility continues even when cube action means a player is out of the current game.

2.       One person, Box, plays against a Team of (normally) no more than four other players.  A Captain heads the Team; he rolls the dice and only he moves the checkers for the Team.  At the end of each game, the positions of Box and Team members are decided according to the rules of rotation below.

3.       The initial determination of Box, Captain and Team order is decided by each player rolling four dice.  The highest total becomes Box, the next Captain, and rest determine the order of the Team.  If two people roll the same total, they roll again; the re-roll is merely to separate them within the order established by the first set of rolls. 

4.       A chouette may expand to greater than 5 players (inclusive of Box) only if Box and all team members agree.  In all other cases, the chouette will split at the end of the game in progress, with player(s) who are currently bottom of the Team order, moving to form a new chouette with the newcomer(s). Where the resulting chouettes will be of different sizes, the new chouette will be the smaller - e.g. if 2 new players arrive at a 5-player chouette, then just the bottom player from the existing chouette moves to join them. If new player(s) arrive after one game has finished, but before the next commences, the split will be per the rotation list before the game ended. Following the split, the rotation list of the original chouette continues, that of the new chouette is determined by each player rolling four dice.

5.       Each member of the Team has a doubling cube.  A cube is in the game only if it has been turned and accepted.


2. Consultation

6.       Consulting is defined as any comment or action, made before or after a play, that may sway another player’s judgment regarding a checker play, the current position or a doubling cube decision

7.       For checker play, and regardless of the Captain’s cube status, Captain may seek advice from any player whose cube is in the game.  However, he may not give his own opinion unless his own cube is in the game. Those without a cube in the game may not consult.

8.       Players may not consult on cube decisions, nor may they announce their reasons for doubling, taking or dropping.

9.       The Captain makes the final decision on all checker plays.  Only the Captain may handle the checkers.  Team members may handle their own cubes, or may instruct the Captain to handle them on their behalf

10.   If a player consults without his cube in play, Box has the option of taking ownership of that player’s cube (at its starting value).  If a player who is already out of the current game consults, the aggrieved player (Box or Captain) can demand and automatically receive a penalty from the offending player, of the original starting cube value.

11.   A player in the Team who leaves the scene temporarily may appoint a proxy to handle his cube.  The proxy can be any other participant in the chouette, whether still in the game or not.  The proxy may appoint another proxy, and so on.  If no specific proxy is appointed, the Captain acts as the proxy for the missing player(s).  The proxy may make all cube decisions on behalf of the missing player, but has no consulting rights on behalf of that player – they may only consult if they are entitled to do so by virtue of their being in the game themselves.

12.  The pip-count is considered common knowledge.  If one team member, or Box, does a pip-count, it is recommended to announce it. 


3. Scoring and Settlements

13.   A basic stake, frequently £1, is determined by agreement at the outset and is recorded on the score sheet.  A player who prefers not to play for cash may not participate in a chouette, but different players may elect to play for different stakes, provided each is a power-of-two times the basic stake.  In this case, each player's stake is individually recorded on the score-sheet, and  the maximum stake for each game will be limited to that of Box.

14. Once a player has declared their stake, they may subsequently change that stake only if/when another player joins/leaves the chouette.  For the avoidance of doubt, leaving the chouette themselves (in order to re-join later, on a different stake) is not permitted.

15.   Even when a chouette starts with all players’ stakes the same – e.g. £2 per point – the score-sheet should be maintained in units of £1, thus permitting easy accommodation of players joining subsequently on a different stake.  Similarly, players' cubes should at all times display monetary value (not points) - e.g. if there are players on stakes of £1, £2 and £4, then their cubes will commence each game displaying 1, 2, and 4.

16.   Jacoby Rule applies: i.e. gammons and backgammons count only if the cube in question is in the game.

17.   Settlements are permitted only in “one-roll” situations and where the relevant cube is already at eight or more.  Settlements must be for a whole number of points.

18.   The score-sheet must be available to any player to review at any time.  Dropped cubes should be recorded as they occur.  The scorekeeper should then announce the value of each player's gain/loss as each score is recorded at the end of the game, then verify that the total of all scores adds to zero.

19.   When “extra” cubes are accepted (see below), the scorer is recommended to make three line-entries on the score sheet: the first records the initial drops; the second the extras; and the third the final outcome of the game.

20.   To facilitate rotation, the scorekeeper  maintains a list of team initials, in Team order, and with a box drawn around Box's initials.

21.   Players must be ready to settle the score-sheet promptly at the end of the chouette or when any player chooses to leave.  If a player's score is positive when they leave, the player who is most negative is responsible for making the first payment to that person, then the second most negative, and so on.  If a player's score is negative on leaving, they should favour paying evenly to each player who is positive.


4. Doubling

22.   Automatic doubles, beavers, racoons, etc. are not permitted.

23.   A player offers a double by placing, or requesting the Captain to place on his behalf, his cube on the board with the doubled value showing.

24.   When a double is offered, a player responds with a clearly announced “drop” or “take”, and takes possession of the cube.  Cube disputes are resolved by the actual value and position of the cube.

25.   If Box offers the initial double (i.e. from the centre), he must offer the entire Team.  If two or more of the Team offer initial doubles simultaneously, Box must either take or drop all offered cubes.  Subsequent simultaneous initial doubles, from other team members, must also all be taken or all dropped by Box.  Box may make different take/drop decisions on initial doubles offered at different times.  For subsequent, non-initial cube action, Box may offer/accept redoubles selectively.

26.   If Box offers an initial double and a lone player accepts, that player may, without penalty, reverse his decision and drop.  If the lone player persists in accepting the double, then he must also accept any “extra” cube(s) offered to him by other members of the Team.  For each such extra, the lone taker is paid, by each cube-owner, the lower of his own or the original owner's stake.  The lone taker then holds the cube of that player at the doubled level.  The player(s) who offered the extras are then effectively on the side of the Box, but with no consulting permitted; however, they retain independent cube action.  Under all circumstances (including if Box subsequently drops a re-cube), Box plays out the game to a conclusion and without consultation.

27.   Team make offers to double, and take/pass decisions, in order of rotation. 

28.   At Captain’s turn, any player in the Team may offer Box a double.  When a Team member may wish to double, he must tell the Captain, in good time, to “hold your roll” or words to that effect.  Captain should take particular care not to roll prematurely (so as to deny other Team members the opportunity to double), nor to appear to be about to roll himself when he in fact intends to double (to avoid accusations of Captain’s own doubling decision being influenced by other Team members’ requests to “hold your roll”).  .


5. Rotation

29.   If Captain defeats Box, either in the game or with the cube, then he becomes Box for the next game.  If Box defeats Captain and makes an overall profit against the Team, then he remains Box for the next game.  If Box defeats Captain but does not make an overall profit, then the next-in-line team members become new Box and new Captain respectively, with old Box moving to the bottom of the order and old Captain immediately above him.

30.   If Box defeats Captain with the cube but other players in the Team remain in the game, then the game continues with the next player in line becoming Acting Captain. The losing Captain goes to the end of the current Team for the next game.  This first Acting Captain is also scheduled to be Captain for the following game, regardless of the current game’s outcome.  If an Acting Captain also loses while other players are still in the game, the next player in the rotation becomes Acting Captain.  A player becoming Acting Captain has no effect on the rotation of players.

31.   If Captain defeats Box with a double, Captain then sits out the rest of the game, but will become Box for the next game.  If other players are still in the game, the next player in line becomes Acting Captain (and remains scheduled to be Captain in the following game).

32.   Any player may decline their turn to be Box at any time.  Box may not take a partner.

33.   A player wishing to join the chouette does so at the discretion of Box and/or any of the Team members, and subject to the maximum number of players allowed.  Each new player joins at the end of the Team, but if there is a game in progress, then the losing Captain and/or losing Box, go behind the joining player(s).  If two or more players join at the same time, their order at the end of the Team is settled by rolling four dice,

Supplementary Chouette Rules


The purpose of these supplementary rules is to

·        Deal with situations not already covered in the existing rules

·        Reduce the incidence of disputes

·        Provide a resolution process for such disputes as do arise

The established rules are at  In due course the two rule-sets will be merged.


A bet (on a checker move or cube action) is valid only when

·        A “before” photo has been taken

·        The stake has been agreed

·        The XG analysis level has been agreed (by default, XG++)

·        The error threshold to decide the bet has been agreed (by default, greater than 0.010)

·        Those participating in the bet have been noted

Bets are to be determined after the game in progress has completed, but before the next game commences.

Bet winnings and losses are scored on the chouette scoresheet and the line labelled as such.


A “prop” (aka “extra”) opportunity occurs when all the initial (i.e. centred) cubes are offered by Box to Team, and only one Team member, the Sole Taker, accepts. The remaining recipient(s) then each have the option to offer to pay the sole taker the undoubled value of their cube.  Sole Taker may then either reverse his take or take all the props at the doubled value. If the latter, then the players who offer the prop, change allegiance to the side of Box.

If mixed stakes are involved and a lower stake player is propped by higher stake player(s), then if take, the props are at the higher stake value.

The Propping players, whilst now effectively on Box’s side, take no part in checker play, but retain ownership of their cubes for doubling decisions.

If one or more team members have previously doubled and been dropped, props by the remainder of the team are permitted, but if the prior double(s) have been taken, props are not permitted.

Prop Scoring

As soon as a prop is accepted, and before play continues, three line scoring commences.

Line one on the scoresheet records the losses of the Team members who declined Box’s cube, and the corresponding win by Box.

Line two records the cost to the same players of paying Sole Taker to take their cubes, and the corresponding gain by Box.

As each player’s game ends – either through further cube action or the game ending – their score is recorded. If Box wins, then players whose props were accepted also win the final value of their cube; if Box loses, Sole Taker wins against Box and Proppers.

In all cases, the score sheet must be completed and agreed by all players before the next game is started.

Mixed Stakes

Mixed stakes are permitted, but only two values, the lower being half the higher. Players on the lower stake commence each game with their cube on 2; players on the higher, 4.

When Box has a partner, wins and losses are shared equally between them. If this would produce a fractional score, Boxes score is rounded up if positive or down if negative, and vice versa their partner.

If the game involves prop scoring, fractions are recorded in lines 1,2 & 3, then rounded in the same way as a 4th line.


Preference should be given to splitting a chouette that expands beyond five players. If this is impossible, or there is a majority in favour of continuing with six or more, then Box may elect to take a partner. If there is a tied decision on splitting or growing beyond six, the player who is next to be Box has the casting vote.

The only Partner Box may take is the player at the bottom of the list after the current game has finished. The designated Partner may decline the role only by leaving the chouette.

If players leave a chouette resulting in it falling to 5 or fewer players, Box immediately loses their Partner.

Partner’s position in the precedence list is maintained as if they were playing. When they cease to be Partner, they regain their precedence (including, the possibility of becoming next Captain).

Team members may discuss checker moves only after they have doubled (and never cube actions). If Box has a Partner, they may discuss briefly all cube decisions, and checker moves after initial doubles; if Box and Partner disagree, Box makes the final decision.

Dispute resolution

If a dispute arises for any reason and agreement cannot be amicably achieved, an experienced player who is not involved in the chouette will briefly hear representations from both sides, and make a binding decision. If no such player is available, the dispute will be resolved by the parties each rolling four dice.